Sun protection - history, development and innovation
The sunscreens we see today were founded and inspired by the sun protection methods of our ancestors, followed by scientific discoveries in the more recent era, and the subsequent trial, test and error of sunscreen formulas.
Sun protection is becoming an integral part of our daily skin care and routine. Not only in summer, but also during all other seasons. The sun's rays feel wonderful on our skin, but without using sun protection it can cause a lot of damage to it, not to mention the aging process and the appearance of freckles.
Believe it or not, sunscreen is actually a relatively new invention in the beauty industry. Which may seem a little strange to you, considering that the Sun has been our companion since eternity. And what did people do before it was invented? How did our ancestors protect themselves from the sun's rays? Stay with us and you will find out.
In this material, our team will introduce you to when sunscreen was created, how the formula has evolved over the years, and what the innovations are today.
When was sunscreen invented and by whom?
The invention of sunscreen is more recent than you might think.
The world's first sunscreen was invented in Australia by the chemist H.A. Milton Blake. Its effectiveness has been confirmed by the University of Adelaide and it is also produced commercially by Blake's company. Although sunscreens are relatively new to use, sunscreen practices date back at least to the ancient Egyptians, who used ingredients such as rice bran, jasmine, and lupine to provide sun protection.
The earliest form of sunscreen and its invention is believed to be in 1938 by Franz Greiter, a Swiss chemist.
Benjamin Green then used a mixture of cocoa butter and red vet oil to protect himself from the Sun. In 1962, he presented the concept of SPF, as he was the creator of sun protection that protects equally well from UVA and UVB rays.
The SPF index allows users to be informed about what protection they can be provided. The higher the rating, the better.
What was used before sunscreen as we know it?
Before this amazing discovery – sun protection, people also had to protect themselves from the sun's harmful rays. Something we don't think would surprise you is that some of the ingredients used centuries ago are still used in today's sunscreens. Well, you have to keep in mind that centuries ago people mostly applied pastes made from natural ingredients. The layer applied to the skin was thicker, and was mainly effective because they applied it thickly to the skin to protect themselves.
A major role in the protection of the skin was played by scarves and various clothes covering a larger part of the body, which protected the skin from direct exposure to the Sun.
The ancient Egyptians applied a thick layer of rice bran paste to their skin. The ancient Greeks used olive oil as a sunscreen. Native Americans use a mixture called tsuga Canadensis – made from pine needles and sunflower oil – to protect against UV rays and treat sunburns.
In the 16th century, ladies in Western Europe, upper-class women used special face masks to keep their skin in perfect condition. While in Ancient China, the upper classes ordered their servants to carry umbrellas and silk umbrellas to protect them from the sun's rays and the sun's harm.
When does sunscreen become available to the mass consumer?
For the first time in 1932, consumers could buy sunscreen. Long before the products appeared on a global scale, they were used in Australia as part of daily care.
Of course, the product has evolved over the years and more and more new formulas are being discovered. And in recent years, sunscreen products in eco-packages have gained more and more popularity. However, we need to take care not only of our skin, but also of the environment around us.
When did sunscreen regulation begin?
In 1978, the US Food and Drug Administration began regulating sunscreens. This means that sunscreens take on a similar status to that of drugs. Precisely for this reason, the packaging of each product should have detailed information about its ingredients. If you come across a product that does not have such information, we advise you to avoid it.
Recently, there is more and more talk about products with natural ingredients, both in cosmetics and in sun protection. Our team suggests you to look at the different options on the above site and choose your sunscreen to protect your skin from the sun's rays.
Don't forget to include a sunscreen product in your daily skincare routine - regardless of the weather outside, as this product will keep your skin fresh and looking good, delaying the aging process and helping to prevent skin cancer.